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Employment

Historical Perspectives on Income Inequality and Economic Mobility

Widely-cited figures from Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez, and the Congressional Budget Office—showing that the top one percent’s share of income has increased over time—have been influential in debates over income inequality. In general, most studies have found a long-term trend of rising inequality. 

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Jackson/CC

America can take five common-sense steps to increase economic growth.

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Why The New York Times Should Love Walmart

New York Times columnist Timothy Egan is perturbed that Congress—and Walmart—are not doing more to help lower- and middle-class Americans. But Walmart’s focus on low costs has disproportionately helped low-income Americans.

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Please Stop Helping Us

This book examines the track record of the political left's serial altruism over the past half century. Have popular government policies and programs that are aimed at helping blacks working as intended? And where black advancement has occurred, do these government efforts deserve the credit that they so often receive?

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Economists often divide households into income quintiles (fifths) and measure the differences in their incomes. However, the demographic characteristics of these quintiles have been changing over time, so comparisons of quintiles are misleading. 

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Work-Promoting Safety Net Reforms Have Helped the Poor

To a greater extent than we often admit, policy debates between left and right often run aground simply because we lack evidence sufficiently strong to adjudicate between competing arguments. So while one participant may convincingly beat back Claim A, the other retreats to Qualifier B or New Claim C. The empirical debate continues until Qualifier F is reached, at which point the honest response is often: “Maybe.”

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Immigration: A Free Lunch for American Workers

Encouraging high-skill immigration is an alternate, more affordable way to promote the accumulation of human capital. The gains in human capital from immigration comes at virtually no added cost, making increased immigration for advanced degree holders a “free lunch” left on the table by U.S. policy makers. 

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How the Top's Share of Income Changes with Comprehensive Measurements

Few serious scholars believe that middle class and poor households have seen the income growth experienced by top earners in recent decades. Attempts to deny that the top has pulled away have, generally, been wholly unpersuasive. However, this does not mean the conventional wisdom is correct.

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To Help Working Women, Set Them Free

Not only is the slow growth of the economy reducing employment opportunities for men and women alike, but some women face particular barriers to employment as they move in and out of the workforce in their role as family caregivers.

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